Bullfighting Museum
The bullfighting square is the mark of identity of the ‘Setmana de bous d’Algemesí’. It is the pride of a people that gets so involved in the festivity that make themselves part of it. It is the symbol that makes this special exhibition so unique. Building the bullfighting square is the main point of the festivity. Year after year, the tradition imposes its will on the people in order to keep erecting a unique monument of architecture and popular engineering.
 
 
AN ANCESTRAL  FESTIVITY
 
Although the first evidences in the “Archivo Municipal de Algemesí” are from 1643, it is quite certain that festivities around bulls were held before then.
The fact that the town had a place where the animals could be kept and fed helped with the celebration of the festivity.  This was a distinction and a royal grant that Algemesí enjoyed since the middle ages. When it was rented out to the stockbreeders, they were asked to supply meat, pay the taxes and give some animals for the festivity.
The bulls got in through Algemesí streets to the Plaza Mayor, where rudimentary platforms were built so the people could watch the show. At first they were built with carts and trunks of mulberry tree, then with stands that drew forth towards the bullfighting square we use today. The festivity was born from the people and with its participation it grew and evolved.
 In fact, the rectangular shape of the square and the way it is erected is the result of popular architecture.
 
A PECULIAR ORGANIZATION
 
Nowadays, the bullfighting square is built thanks to the assembly of twenty-nine ‘cadafals’, each a part of the square for people to seat and watch the spectacles. Twenty-nine ‘cadafals’ allocated in an auction, in which every ‘penya’ (group of friends) takes part. The ‘penyes’ are then put in charge of the sale of tickets for the shows and of the building of the ‘cadafal’. The economic result of the auction makes up the budget towards the hiring of the bullfighters for the nine days of festival and the other shows that take place in the bullfighting square. The ‘Comisión Taurina’ consists of one member of each ’cadafal’ and deals with the organization of the festivity.
Therefore, it seems obvious that we have one of the oldest festivities of the bullfighting scope.  We always have had the best novice bullfighters. For this reason, Algemesí has been a referent for young promising bullfighters. Success in this bullfighting square always has meant a good guarantee for their future career.
And yet, Algemesí has not denied itself of occasionally hiring some of the best-known bullfighters and the most significant horseback bullfighters.
 
A UNIQUE BULLFIGHTING SQUARE
 
The bullfighting square is a metaphysical exercise of strength compensation, balance and at the same time toughness and safety. Only wood, nails and ropes are used: nothing else is needed.
Each September 9th, the Plaza Mayor begins filling with pieces of wood that the ‘penyes’ will use to raise a bullfighting square for up to 5000 spectators. It is completely erected in approximately ten days, ready to be home to the world oldest and most important bullfighting with young bulls festival.
 
BULLFIGHTING TRADITION
 
The fair consists Algemesí usually eight each evening novilladas including two young bullfighters and rejoneador, while an afternoon is reserved to a bullfight with premier matadors. Art translates into legend and legends need names: Enrique Ponce, Rafi Camino, El Litri, Julio Aparicio, Jesulín Ubrique, Finito de Córdoba, Cesar Jimenez, Cristina Sanchez, Vicente Barrera, Esplá, Cesar Jimenez, Jose Pacheco El Califa , El Soro, Francisco Rivera Ordonez, Cayetano, Manuel Díaz El Cordobes Buendia, Vidrie, Andy Cartagena, Pablo Hermoso de Mendoza, Alvaro Montes, Sergio Galan ...
 
MORE THAN BULLS
 
The    bullfighting     atmosphere   is   present     in Algemesí twenty-four hours a day in each of the festivity days.   At 8 o’clock in the   morning the ‘encierro’ starts from the corrals.     The bravest men and women have the chance to   run 400 meters next to the animals that will appear in the show during the afternoon. The gastronomy gathers in the park of   the town.   There, each ‘penya’ has   its   own ‘caseta’ so   they   can organize meals during the festivity.
 
 
 
Taurine Commission
 
 

 

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