Dolçaina i Tabal
The first “Escola Valenciana de Dolçaina” was born in Algemesí thanks to the Festivity of la Mare de Déu
Without music, there is no festivity. In the procession of la “Mare de Déu de la Salut” in Algemesí we could not imagine our dances neithe our rituals without the sound of the “dolçaina” and the “tabal”. They are the life and soul of the dances. They set the pace, they move the muixeranguers. Their sound is the invisible thread that connects the spectator and the dancer with collective and individual sensations. 
The oldest written chronicles about dolçainers in Algemesí are from the “Llibres de Comptes de la Vila” of 1733. They talk about the liquidation of the salary of the dolçainers that played their instruments in the Festivity. The Festivity of Algemesí has contributed to give more value to this instrument and to its recovery further than the local borders.
In 1973, there were not enough dolçainers to supply the demand of musicians that the rituals and dances of la Mare de Déu required. In response, the council of Algemesí created the first “Escola Valenciana de Dolçaina”. Man and boys joined the school, but also woman and girls (which was not common in that time). Nowadays, people from a lot of towns are enrolled in the school and many towns have groups of dolçainers that learnt to play the instrument in Algemesí.
 

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